It’s an interesting question whether as much moral goodness as possible is a good thing – whether we should, if we could, hack our psychology all the way to moral perfection. Whether we would want to be moral saints.
Many attribute countries’ falls to a purposeful and scheming series of methods by individual actors. America, as it is today, has doomed itself. It would be easy to procure an easy argument by blaming trends on the baby boomers or the millennials (it isn’t them). Instead, I will blame Marx.
Many people believe there is a significant difference between withdrawing life-sustaining treatment and letting a terminally ill patient die (passive euthanasia) and actively causing a terminal patient’s death by, for instance, delivering a lethal injection (active euthanasia). But is there?
In “Liberalism and Individual Positive Freedom,” philosopher John Christman attempts a positive conception of freedom that is not subject to the dangers that concerned Isaiah Berlin.
In a famous 2003 experiment, the philosopher Joshua Knobe showed that people’s judgments about whether the side effect of an action is intentional or not depend on what the side effect is.
Gerald MacCallum doesn’t think that negative and positive liberty are two distinct concepts. He argues instead that there’s only one concept and that it is a mistake to characterize freedom, as Berlin does, as either one of two “dyadic relations” – “freedom from” (negative liberty) and “freedom to” (positive liberty).
It’s hard to find someone who is against liberty, but it’s easy to find disagreement about what the term “liberty” means.
The philosopher G.E. Moore, writing in the early 20th century, criticizes the grounding of moral claims in non-moral observations, which Moore refers to as natural properties.
Ross was a Scottish philosopher who died in 1971. He is well-regarded in the academic institutions which makes it sensible that B and C encountered his seminal text. He attempted to make a sound ethical theory. That is, one that could assist in almost every ethical problem encountered.
The connection between law and morality is complex, and there may be no general rule that captures how the two are related.